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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Chae Wook Huh 1 Article
Feasibility and efficacy of coil embolization for middle cerebral artery aneurysms
Jae Young Choi, Chang Hwa Choi, Jun Kyeung Ko, Jae Il Lee, Chae Wook Huh, Tae Hong Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2019;36(3):208-218.   Published online April 25, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The anatomy of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms has been noted to be unfavorable for endovascular treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of coiling for MCA aneurysms.
From January 2004 to December 2015, 72 MCA aneurysms (38 unruptured and 34 ruptured) in 67 patients were treated with coils. Treatment-related complications, clinical outcomes, and immediate and follow-up angiographic outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.
Aneurysms were located at the MCA bifurcation (n=60), 1st segment (M1, n=8), and 2nd segment (M2, n=4). Sixty-nine aneurysms (95.8%) were treated by neck remodeling techniques using multi-catheter (n=44), balloon (n=14), stent (n=8), or combination of these (n=3). Only three aneurysms were treated by single-catheter technique. Angiographic results were 66 (91.7%) complete, five (6.9%) remnant neck, and one (1.4%) incomplete occlusion. Procedural complications included aneurysm rupture (n=1), asymptomatic coil migration to the distal vessel (n=1), and acute thromboembolism (n=10) consisting of eight asymptomatic and two symptomatic events. Treatment-related permanent morbidity and mortality rates were 4.5% and 3.0%, respectively. There was no bleeding on clinical follow-up (mean, 29 months; range, 6-108 months). Follow-up angiographic results (mean, 26 months; range, 6-96 months) in patients included one major and three minor recanalizations.
Coiling of MCA aneurysms could be a technically feasible and clinically effective treatment strategy with acceptable angiographic and clinical outcomes. However, the safety and efficacy of this technique as compared to surgical clipping remains to be ascertained.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Brain and Spine.2023; 3: 102708.     CrossRef
  • Microsurgical Clipping versus Advanced Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Middle Cerebral Artery Bifurcation Aneurysms After a “Coil-First” Policy
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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science