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Moon Kwan Chung 22 Articles
A Case of Jejunal Diverticulitis with Perforation Combined with Intussusception Caused by Inflammatory Fibroid Polyp.
Jae Won Choi, Kook Hyun Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Jun Hwan Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Jae Whang Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(1):113-118.   Published online June 30, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.1.113
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Diverticulosis of the small intestine is a rare entity, compared with that of duodenum or colon, and is found in only 1% of autopsied patients. The main complications are diverticulitis with or without a perforation, obstruction and hemorrhage, which are associated with a high mortality. Intussusception is primarily a disease of childhood; with only 5 to 10% of cases occurring in adults. In contrast to childhood intussusception, 90% of adult intussusception cases are had an associated pathologic processes. An inflammatory fibroid polyp is an uncommonly localized non-neoplastic lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. It occurs most often in the stomach and secondly in the ileum. It rarely occurs in other organs such as the colon, jejunum, duodenum and esophagus. We report a case of jejunal diverticulitis with a perforation combined with intussusception caused by an inflammatory fibroid polyp. A 78-year-old female presented with abdominal pain, fever and chill. Contrast CT scan showed intussusception of the ileum. The patient was treated with a small bowel segmental resection. After surgery, the specimen showed jejunal diverticulitis with perforation.
The Significance of Small Polyp of colon in Koreans.
Soon Uk Kwon, Eun Ju Lee, Jong Ryul Eun, Sun Taek Choi, Hak Jun Lee, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(1):39-48.   Published online June 30, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.1.39
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
There are two theories in the development of colon cancer. One is the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory and the other is the de novo cancer theory. Western countries believe in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory, however there are many recent reports from Japan about cancers developing from small adenomas. METHODS: The present study analyzed 408 polyps from 508 cases that were taken by colonoscopic polypectomy at the Departmant of Internal Medicine, Yeung-Nam University Hospital. RESULTS: The percentage of patients who have polyp was 41.3%(210cases out of 526cases) and the peak incidence was noted in patients in their 50's and 60's. There was no difference between the sexes, but we noted significant increase in the incidence of polyps in patients over age of thirty. We found 395 polyps below 1cm and 13 polyps above 1cm. Among 408 polyps, 5 cases cancerous polyps and 3 cases showed polyp size of less than 1cm each. The first case was a polyp of 0.4cm in size with elevated mucosa at the ascending colon. The second was 0.5cm in size with round elevation and hyperemic mucosa in the rectum. The third polyp was 0.6cm in size with tubular elevation at the hepatic flexure. CONCLUSIONS: colon polyp is common disease in Koreans. even small polyps can have cancer tissue, which should be removed if discovered during colonoscopy. We believe that not all colon cancer originates in the manner described by the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory. However further studies with a larger sample population are needed to determine the exact role colon polyps plays in the development of colon cancer.

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  • Histologic discrepancy between endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic mucosal resection specimens of colorectal polyp in actual clinical practice
    Moon Joo Hwang, Kyeong Ok Kim, A Lim Kim, Si Hyung Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
    Intestinal Research.2018; 16(3): 475.     CrossRef
Gastroesophageal Reflux in Peptic Ulcer Patients.
Joong San Suh, Jong Hyeok Kim, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):302-308.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.302
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BACKGROUND
It is well known fact to the patients of duodenal ulcer that their condition is frequently accompanied with reflux esophagitis. Therefore this condition is called an "acid-related disorder" because it is commonly associated with increased acidity. But there has been disputes on the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication in these two conditions and whether H. pylori infection may have a protective role in reflux esophagitis. Only few reports have dealt with the prevalence of reflux esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux in patients with peptic ulcer. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux and to analyze the pattern ofthe pathologic reflux in peptic ulcer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 57 patients with endoscopically confirmed duodenal and/or gastric ulcer who all underwent 24hr ambulatory esophageal pH monitoring. RESULTS: The prevalnace of gastroesophageal reflux in peptic ulcer patients was 54.2% and 54.5% in gastric ulcer, and 62.5% in duodenal ulcer, 50% in combined ulcer, respectively. The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in the control group was 22.7%. CONCLUSION: We discovered significantly higher prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with peptic ulcer disease than in those without it. In conclusion, the presence or absence of gastroesophageal reflux must be considered in the setting of peptic ulcer disease management.
The Effects of Nitric Oxide Inhibitor on Hyperdynamic Circulation in Portal Hypertensive Rats.
Pill Young Kim, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):181-192.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.181
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BACKGROUND
Nitric oxide, a vasodilator synthesized from L-arginine by vascular endothelial cells. accounts for the biological activity of endothelium derived relaxing factor. Previous studies demonstrated that nitric oxide inhibitor. N'-Nitro-L-Arginine(NNA)diminished the hyperdynamic splanchnic and systemic circulation in portal hypertensive rats. The present study was done to determine the role of nitric oxide in the development of hyperdynamic circulations in the prehepatic portal hypertensive rat model produced by partial portal vein ligation. METHODS: The portal hypertensive rats were divided into water ingestion group and NNA ingestion group. After partial portal vein ligation. NNA ingestion group and water ingestion group received NNA, 1mg/kg/day and plain water through the mouth for 14 days, respectively. Cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, organ blood flow and porto-systemic shunting were measured by radioisotope microsphere methods. Vascular resistances were calculated by standard equation. RESULTS: There were significant decreases in mean arterial pressure, increases in cardiac output and cardiac index, and decreases in total systemic and splanchnic vascular resistance in portal hypertensive rats compared to normal control froup(p<0.01). Compared to the water ingestion group, significantly increased mean arterial pressure wit decreased cardiac output and cardiac index were dexeloped in the NNA ingestion group. Total systemic and splanchnic vascular resistance were significantly increased in the NNA ingestion group compared to water ingestion group(p<0.05). But, there was no significant difference in portal pressure between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The hemodynamic results of this study indicate that hyperdynamic circulation in prehepatic portal hypertensive rat model was attenuated by ingestion of NNA. Nitric oxide may play an important role in the development of hyperdynamic circulation with splanchnic vaodilation in chronic portal hypertension.
Medical Treatment of Peptic Ulcer Bleeding.
Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1996;13(1):1-10.   Published online June 30, 1996
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1996.13.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
A Case of Plummer-Vinson Syndrome.
Kyeong Jin Jeon, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(2):381-387.   Published online December 31, 1994
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1994.11.2.381
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Plummer-Vinson syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by dysphagia, iron deficiency anemia, cheilosis, glossitis, and cervical esophageal web, especially in middle aged women. Recently, the authors experienced a case of Plummer-Vinson syndrome. A 53-year-old female was admitted due to intermittent solid food dysphagia for 18 months. She had a 2 years history of iron deficiency anemia. On admission glossitis, fissures at the angle of the mouth, spoon nails, and iron deficiency anemia were noted. Esophagogram and esophagoscopic examination revealed thin walled concentric web at upper esophagus. Esophageal web was succefully teared by endoscopic balloon dilatation with subseguant improvement of dysphagia. Skin manifestations as well as anemia were markedly improved after oral iron replacement therapy.
Gastric mucosal damage by bile acid.
Hyun Hong Cho, Jeong Ill Suh, Keyong Hee Lee, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee, Won Hee Choi, Chang Heon Yang
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(2):342-350.   Published online December 31, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.2.342
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To investigate the effect of bile acid on gastric mucosa, we performed biologic test using Sprague-Dawley rat. Mixture solution of TDCA 15mM and Hcl of pH 3 was given into stomach to one group and HCl of pH 3 was given into stomach to another group. The significant gastric mucosal change was vasodilation and edema, that was disappeared progressively. These findings suggest the bile acid and damage gastric mucosa.
Histopathological study of gastric adenoma.
Dong Sug Kim, Hae Joo Nam, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(2):76-83.   Published online December 31, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.2.76
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A total of 53 gastric adenomas from endoscopically biopsied gastric mucosa were examined histopathologically. The average age at the time of endoscopic biopsy was 59 years, and gastric adenomas were found to be more frequent in the aged, particularly above the age of 50. The majority of adenomas occurred at the antrum. Concerning the shape of the adenomas, Yamada type II was more frequent (55%). All adenomas were accompanied by varying degree of intestinal metaplasia, and this findings suggest that gastric adenoma develops from intestinal metaplasia. In adenomas with severe atypia (grade III), endocrine cells (argyrophil and argentaffin cells) were markedly decreased or absent. Gastric adenocarcinomas coexistent with adenoma were seen in 5 (9.4%) out of 53 cases, and were more frequent in male than female patients (sex ratio, 4:1) and the average age was 61.4 years. It is suggested that there is a necessity of thorough follow-up study for definitive correlation between gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
A Case of Type II Mirizzi Syndrome.
Hong Jin Kim, Joo Hyeong Lee, Myeong Jun Shin, Koing Bo Kwun, Jae Chun Chang, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1990;7(2):197-202.   Published online December 31, 1990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1990.7.2.197
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Mechanical obstruction of the common hepatic duct includes the following causes; choledocholithiasis, sclerosis, cholangitis, pancreatic carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, postoperative stricture, primary hepatic duct carcinoma, enlarged cystic duct lymph nodes, and metastatic nodal involvement of the porta hepatis. Partial mechanical obstruction of the common hepatic duct caused by impaction of stones and inflammation surrounding the vicinity of the neck of the gallbladder had been reported on the “syndrome del conducto hepatico” in 1948 by Mirizzi. Nowadays, this disease was named by Mirizzi syndrome. Mrizzi syndrome is a rare entity of common hepatic duct obstruction that results from an inflammatory response secondary to a gallstone impacted in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder. It results from an almost parallel course and low insertion of the cystic duct into the common hepatic duct. In a variant of Mirizzi's syndrome, the cause of the common hepatic duct obstruction was a primary cystic duct carcinoma rather than gallstone disease. A 71-year-old man was admitted with a four-day history of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Past medical history was unremarkable. On physical examination, the patient had a temperature of 38℃, icteric sclera and right upper quadrant tenderness. Pertinent laboratory findings included WBC 18,000/cm3; albumin 2.6 g/dl (normal 0-1) with the direct bilirubin, 4.4 mg/dl (normal 0-0.4). Ultrasonography revealed a dilated extrahepatic biliary tree. ERCP showed that the superior margin was angular and more consistent with a calculus causing partial CHD obstruction (Mirizzi syndrome). At surgery a diseased gallbladder containing calculi was found. In addition, there was two calculi partially eroding through the proximal portion of the cystic duct and compressing the common hepatic duct. A cholecystectomy and excision of common bile duct was performed, with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The postoperative course was uneventful.
A Clinical and Serologic Study of 21 Cases of Tsutsugamushi Disease Confirmed by Serologic test.
Jong Seon Park, Young Su Kweon, Kwan Ho Lee, Myung Su Hyun, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1990;7(1):151-163.   Published online June 30, 1990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1990.7.1.151
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Tsutsugamushi disease is an acute febrile disease caused by Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, and which has been reported with increasing frequency thorough the nation since 1986. We experienced 21 cases of Tsutsugamushi Disease diagnosed with serologic test occurring in Taegu city and Kyungpook province during October-November, 1989. The results of survey are as follow. 1) Of 21 cases, 12 (57%) were males and 9 (43%) were females, and the peak incidence was the 4th decade. 2) The outbreak was in October to November and the peak incidence was in October. 3) The most frequent symptoms were fever and chill (100%), myalgia (95%), headache (90%), Eschar and rash were observed in 18 patients (86%) and the eschar was detected in all over the body, especially thorax (33%) and lower extremity (22%). 4) Laboratory features were SGOT elevation (83%), SGPT elevation (61%), LDH elevation (67%), leukocytosis (38%). 5) Indirect immunofluorescent antibody test was done in 18 patients and the antibody titer was above 1:320 in all patients. 6) The chloramphenicol, tetracycline or doxycycline regimens were very effective and mean duration of defervescence from initiation of therapy was 1.3 days. 7) The complication such as meningitis or shock, was not seen.
A Case of Rotor Syndrome.
Chan Kyu Kang, Joung Sun Kang, Hyoung Woo Lee, Moon Kwan Chung, Bong Sup Shim, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(2):257-263.   Published online December 31, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.2.257
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Rotor syndrome is a rare disease of hereditary hyperbilirubinemia transmitted with autosomal recessive trait. In general, Rotor syndrome shows direct hyperbilirubinemia and there has been several reports since Sons's report in 1966, in Korea. A 34-year-old female was admitted with the chief complaint of intermittent icteric sclera for 24 years. There was no family history of jaundice. Rotor syndrome was diagnosed by oral cholecystogram, BSP retention test, 99mTc-DISIDA scan, liver biopsy and electron microscopy study of liver biopsy specimen. We report this case with brief review of the literature.
Clinical evaluation on 5 cases of lead Poisoning.
Jung Mi Lee, Hyung Woo Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Moon Kwan Chung, Bong Sup Shim, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(2):29-38.   Published online December 31, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.2.29
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5 cases of lead poisoning were investigated clinically. Of the 5 patients, 4 were male and 1 was female. The causes of lead poisoning in 3 cases were ingestion of herb drug pills and in 2 cases were occupational poisoning. Chief complain at admission in 4 cases were ill defined colicky abdominal pain and constipation. Only 1 case complained of dizziness and palpitation without gastrointestinal symptom. On peripheral blood, normocytic normochromic anemia (mean Hgb 9.2 gm/dl), reticulocytosis (mean 4.7%) and basophilic stippling were found in 100% of patients. Bone marrow aspiration was done in 4 cases. Erythroid hyperplasia and basophilic stippling were found in all 4 cases. Mean M:E ratio was 0.7:1. The lead concentration in serum was increased in 4 cases (80%) of patients. Lead concentration, delta aminolevulinic acid concentration in 24 hours collected urine were increased in 5 patients (100%).
A Case of Acute Intermittent Porphyria: A case report.
Chang Heon Yang, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(1):205-211.   Published online June 30, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.1.205
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We report a case of acute intermittent porphyria presenting with variable symptoms and signs such as hypertension, polyneuropathy, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and cerebral infarction. A 47 year-old female patient entered hospital with abdominal pain followed by generalized seizure. She was diagnosed to have acute intermittent porphyria in consequence of Watson-Schwartz test and δ-ALA in 24 hours urine. She was managed with conservative treatment but died of respiratory failure.
Eaton-Lambert Syndrome with Small Cell Lung Cancer: A case report.
Kyeong Hee Lee, Moon Kwan Chung, Myung Soo Hyun, Jae Chun Chung, Hyun Woo Lee, Jung Sang Hah, Yeung Ju Byun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(1):171-178.   Published online June 30, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.1.171
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Eaton Lambert Syndrome (ELS) is a disorder of neuromuscular transmission. The defect of neuromuscular transmission is due to decrease in the release of acetylcholine quanta from nerve terminal. This syndrome is frequently associated with bronchogenic carcinoma. The diagnosis is established by electromyography, which characteristically shows 1) low amplitude of evoked compound muscle potential to a single supramaximal stimulus on nerve, 2) significant decremental response at low rates of stimulation 3) marked incremental response at high rates of stimulation. Our patient is 52year old man with dyspnea, coughing and muscle weakness of proximal lower limbs. He has small cell lung cancer and associated with ELS, Superior vena cava syndrome and has metastatic lesion on right supraclavicular lymph node confirmed by pathology. Metastatic mass and SVC syndrome are marked improved following chemotherapy and radiotherapy, however follow up EMG finding does not improved. We are here reporting one case which considered compatible for ELS, with a few elementary reviewed literatures.
An Outbreak of Tsutsugamushi Disease in Vicinity of Taegu City and Kyungpook Province in 1988.
Young Su Kweon, Jong Ho Kim, Kwan Ho Lee, Myung Su Hyun, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee, Myung Weon Shon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(1):31-41.   Published online June 30, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.1.31
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Since the first cases of tsutsugamushi disease reported in Korea in 1986, many cases has been reported and its occurrence has been increasing. Only 2 cases has been reported in Taegu city and Kyungpook area. We experienced an outbreak of 26 cases of tsutsugamushi disease in this area and their clinical manifestations are; 1. The outbreak occurred in September to November in 1988 and its peak occurrence was in October. 2. Mean age was 52 years old (18 to 69 years old) and peak incidence was in the 6th decade. 3. Major symptoms and abnormal signs are fever/chills (88%), myalgia (65%), headache (54%), nausea and vomiting (31%), and abdominal pain (27%). The eschar was detected on lower part of body in most of cases, and more frequently in male (M:F 100 vs 58%). 4. Patients were treated with tetracyclines (TC) and/or chlorampenicol (CM) and mean duration of defervescence from initiation of antibiotic therapy was 2.1days with TC and 2.5 days with CM. 5. Complications are 2 cases of meningitis and 1 case of shock, and all cases were recovered without any sequelae. As above, tsutsugamushi disease occurs in Taegu city and Kyung Pook area as other part of Korea and clinical manifestations are similar to other reports.
The Positive Rate for Serum Anti-HBs in Korean since the Universal Carrying Out of HB Vaccination.
Heon Ju Lee, Moon Kwan Chung, Chong Suhi Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1987;4(1):75-80.   Published online August 31, 1987
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1987.4.1.75
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The positive rate for serum anti-Hbs was analized among 424 0f HA vaccinated and 2035 of non-vaccinated cases at the Yeungnam University Hospital, Computed Automated Med-screening Center. Most of them from Kyungbook province and they had the last HB vaccination in the periods of 3 to 42months prior to this study. The followings were obtained. 1. The positive rates for serum HBsAg were 0.7% in the vaccinees, 9.6% in the non-vaccinated and 8.0% in the whole cases. 2. The positive rates for serum ant-HBs were 66.3% in the vaccinees, 47.9% in the non-vaccinated and 51.6% in the whole cases. 3. The positive rates for serum anti-HBs were 51.4% in the cases with one time of vaccination and 68.6% in the cases with two times of vaccination. On the vasis of these findings the positive rate for serum anti-HBs among the vaccines was significantly higher than of non-vaccinated (P<0.05). The positive rate for serum anti-HBs shortly after vaccination was higher than that of present our study which was made relatively long period after vaccination. As the reason a natural decrease of the titers of the serum anti-HBs can be postulated as one of the contributing factors for the discrepancy. In order to keep to serum antibody of perfect protectivity against HBV, it may be better to check the serum anti-HBs just vaccination, follow up and take booster injection when it is needed.
The Observation of Clebopride Malate Effect on Funchional Gastrointestinal Disease by Use of Gastric Emptying Time.
Soo Bong Choi, Kyeong Soon Kwon, Seong Chul Yoon, Moon Kwan Chung, Chong Suhi Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1987;4(1):59-63.   Published online August 31, 1987
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1987.4.1.59
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The measurement of gastric emptying time is useful in differentiation of the hypochondriacal neurosis from the functional gastrointestinal disturbance, and also useful in searching the hidden gastro-intestinal disease in patients who are believed as the functional gastrointestinal disturbance. We confirmed in this study that the more delayed gastric emptying time was measured in functional gastrointestinal disturbance compared to normal group, and more shortened gastric emptying time was found after treatment with dopamine antagonist (cleboril) in this group.
Clinical Review of Acute Gastric Anisakiasis.
Pill Young Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Heon Ju Lee, Chong Suhi Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1987;4(1):43-47.   Published online August 31, 1987
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1987.4.1.43
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AbstractAbstract PDF
7 cases of acute gastric Anisakiasis have been reviewed at the Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital from March, 1983 to December 1986. 1. Of 7 cases, the ratio of male and female was 3:4 and the age 30s occupied most (5 cases) the 50s' followed (2 cases). 2. Chief complains were in order of epigastric pain (6 cases), vomiting (3 cases), Nause (2 cases), Ulticaria (1 case) & epigastric fulling sensation (1 case). 3. In all 7 cases, the causative fish in astroconcer myriaster. 4. The onset of symptoms was observed within 5 to 7 hours after eating the causative raw fish. 5. Gastrofiberscopic exam was undergo within 48 hours since onset of symptoms. 6. The gastrofiberscopic findings were gastric mucosal edema and redness in all 7 cases. One case also had mucosal erosion. The involved sites of the stomach were in frequency of order, the body (5 cases), the antrum (2 cases). 7. The symptoms of the patients relieved spontaneously without medical treatment after the extraction of the larva with biopsy forcep during gastrofiberscopy. 8. In Korea, many people take raw fish and there may be many patients of Anisakiasis so if much concern and careful observation are paid to whom with severe cramping epigastric pain after taking of raw marine fish in about 10 hours, we could find out and confirm more patients suffering from Anisakiasis by immediate endoscopic gastrofiberscopy.
A Clinical Study of HBV Markers in Various Liver Diseases Carriers and Controls.
Jung Kyu Choi, Yong Won Lee, Jin Myung Choi, Moon Kwan Chung, Heon Ju Lee, Chong Suhl Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1985;2(1):211-220.   Published online December 31, 1985
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1985.2.1.211
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Serum HBsAg, AntiHBs, HBeAg, AntiHBe, and AntiHBc were detected by radioimmunoassay in 39 patients with acute viral hepatitis, 79 patients with chronic hepatitis, 30 patients with liver cirrhosis, 16 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma, 14 patients of HBsAg carriers and 129 cases of controls: 78 cases of normal level of SGOT, SGPT, and 51 cases of elevated level of SGOT, SGPT. Following results were obtained: 1. HBsAg was detected in 66.7% of acute viral hepatitis, 63.3% of chronic hepatitis, 36.7% of liver cirrhosis, 81.3% of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and 27.1% of controls. 2. AntiHBs was positive in 0% of acute viral hepatitis, 21.5% of chronic hepatitis, 36.7% of liver cirrhosis, 31.3% of primary hepatocellular carcinoma, 0% of carrier and 44.2% of controls. 3. HBeAg was detected in 45.6% of chronic hepatitis, 23.3% of liver cirrhosis and 31.3% of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. 4. Among chronic liver diseases, antiHBe was positive in 56.3% of primary hepatocellular carcinoma, 23.3% of liver cirrhosis and 20.3% of chronic hepatitis. 5. AntiHBc was detected in most of all examinees and the significance of presence of AntiHBc does not seem to represent liver disease itself but the evidence of infection of HBV. 6. Among 14 HBV carriers, 6 cases presented with abnormal SGOT, SGPT. 7. All HBV markers were negative in 5.1% of acute viral hepatitis, 5.1% of chronic hepatitis and 14.7% of controls: 17.6% of subjects with abnormal SGOT, SGPT and 12.8% of subjects with normal SGOT, SGPT. 8. Beside of HBV, other causes, such as non A, non B virus, Delta-agent, other viruses or related factors should be excluded among the patients with evidence of HBV infection associated with elevation of SGOT & SGPT.
Three Cases of Tetracyclines Induced Esophageal Ulcer.
Heon Ju Lee, Moon Kwan Chung, Chong Suhl Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):179-183.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.179
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In recent years, an increasing number of drugs have been reported to cause direct esophageal damage. More than 30 cases on tetracyclines induced esophageal ulcer have been reported since the first description of tetracycline induced esophageal ulcer by Bokey and Hugh in 1975. In Korea, only one case of doxycycline-unduced esophageal ulcer has been reported. Authors have experienced 3 cases of esophageal ulcer probably caused by tetracyclines. The patients had taken their capsules just before going to bed with little fluid intake. About 6-8 hours later they had felt substernal burning sensation and epigastric discomfort. Gastrofiberscopy revealed relatively well demarcated circular ulcers on the mid esophagus. An esophagogram showed no apparent abnormality. Patients's symptoms became negligible with antacid treatment within 2-5 days. One of the causes of the esophageal ulcer is thought to be the delay in transit time of drugs and direct esophageal damage from mucosal contact when tablets are ingested in the recumbent position without an accompanying proper quantity of fluid. If only physicians endow patients with more concern about drug induced esophageal ulcer, they could find out more increasing number of drug induced esophageal ulcers by gastroscopic examination and thereby could prevent tetracycline induced esophageal ulcer.
A Case of Pseudomembranous Colitis.
Moon Kwan Chung, Chang Heon Yang, Heon Ju Lee, Young Hyun Lee, Chong Suhl Kim, Won Hee Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):171-178.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.171
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Many reports have been made concerning underlying and associated conditions causing pseudomembranous colitis and it has been documented that occurrence of pseudomembranous colitis is related with antibiotics administration. Recent study showed that Clostridium difficile produced enterotoxin by colonization in intestinal wall and leading into pseudomembranous colitis. Diagnosis is based on positive culture of Clostridium difficile, positive test of Clostridium difficile toxin and specific histological findings after observation of whitish plaque on colonoscopic or sigmoidoscopic examination. Authors have experienced one case of pseudomembranous colitis developing after long term ampicillin administration in a case with colon cancer associated with diarrhea and diagnosis was confirmed by typical pseudomembrane on biopsy following classical whitish plaque absevation on sigmoidoscopic examination. Symptoms have been ameliorated by discontinuation of antibiotics and administration of metron-idazole in four days and disappearance of whitish plaque on repeated sigmoidoscopic examination and improvement of clinical symptoms after 9 days of medication.
A Case of Hepatic Hemangioma.
Si Hwan Kim, Young Hyun Lee, Heon Ju Lee, Moon Kwan Chung, Soo Bong Choi, Chong Suhl Kim, Koing Bo Kwun, Mi Soo Hwang, Jae Chun Chang, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):161-169.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.161
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Hepatic hemangioma is a benign neoplastic disease of the liver and characterized by high vascularity and accompanied with bleeding episode. We report a case of giant hepatic cavernous hemangioma and review the literature briefly. A 44-year old female patient was admitted because of palpable abdominal mass, which growing for 15 years. She was diagnosed as hepatic hemangioma by abdominal CT scan and selective celiac angiography. She was performed the left lateral segmentectomy of liver and the pathological report was cavernous hemangioma of the liver.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science