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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Young-Hoon Hong 4 Articles
Age-related low skeletal muscle mass correlates with joint space narrowing in knee osteoarthritis in a South Korean population: a cross-sectional, case-control study
Hyun-Je Kim, Young-Hoon Hong
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(4):285-293.   Published online February 3, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2021.01536
  • 4,018 View
  • 86 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
This study was conducted to analyze the effects of low skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and obesity on aging-related osteoarthritis (OA) in the Korean population.
Methods
A total of 16,601 participants who underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and 3,976 subjects with knee X-rays according to the modified Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) system were enrolled. Knees of ≥KL grade 2 were classified as radiologic OA. The severity of joint space narrowing (JSN) was classified by X-rays as normal, mild-to-moderate, and severe JSN in radiologic OA. The subjects were grouped as normal SMI (SMI of ≥–1 standard deviation [SD] of the mean), low SMI class I (SMI of ≥–2 SDs and <–1 SD), and low SMI class II (SMI of <–2 SDs). Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of ≥27.5 kg/m2.
Results
The modified KL grade and JSN severity were negatively correlated with the SMI and positively correlated with BMI and age. The SMI was negatively correlated with age. JSN severity was significantly associated with a low SMI class compared to a normal SMI, which was more prominent in low SMI class II than class I. Obesity was significantly associated with more severe JSN, only for obesity with a low SMI class. Furthermore, patients with a low SMI class, regardless of obesity, were prone to having more severe JSN.
Conclusion
This study suggested that a low SMI class was associated with aging and that an age-related low SMI was more critically related to the severity of JSN in OA.

Citations

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  • Causal relationship between sarcopenia and osteoarthritis: a bi-directional two-sample mendelian randomized study
    Jiyong Yang, Peng Liu, Shuai Wang, Tao Jiang, Yilong Zhang, Wengang Liu
    European Journal of Medical Research.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease presenting progressive reticular honeycomb infiltration of lung and immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin G4 dominant hypergammaglobulinemia: a case report
Hyun-Je Kim, Young-Hoon Hong
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(2):153-160.   Published online July 5, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01039
  • 4,939 View
  • 90 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) is an uncommon systemic lymphoproliferative disorder that may cause multiple organ damage. Castleman disease-associated diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) has not been well studied. A 32-year-old man was referred to our hospital for progressive generalized weakness, light-headedness, and dyspnea on exertion for more than one year. Laboratory evaluations showed profound anemia, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and an increased C-reactive protein level with polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. Chest radiography, computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography-CT scan demonstrated diffuse lung infiltration with multiple cystic lesions and multiple lymphadenopathy. In addition to these clinical laboratory findings, bone marrow, lung, and lymph node biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of idiopathic MCD (iMCD). Siltuximab, an interleukin-6 inhibitor, and glucocorticoid therapy were initiated. The patient has been tolerating the treatment well and had no disease progression or any complications in 4 years. Herein, we report this case of human herpesvirus-8-negative iMCD-associated DPLD accompanied by multiple cystic lesions, multiple lymphadenopathy, and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia with elevated immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgG4 levels. We recommend a close evaluation of MCD in cases of DPLD with hypergammaglobulinemia.
Sulfatase 1 and sulfatase 2 as novel regulators of macrophage antigen presentation and phagocytosis
Hyun-Je Kim, Hee-Sun Kim, Young-Hoon Hong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(4):326-336.   Published online June 22, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01025
  • 4,820 View
  • 85 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Sulfation of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) is critical for the binding and signaling of ligands that mediate inflammation. Extracellular 6-O-endosulfatases regulate posttranslational sulfation levels and patterns of HSPGs. In this study, extracellular 6-O-endosulfatases, sulfatase (Sulf)-1 and Sulf-2, were evaluated for their expression and function in inflammatory cells and tissues.
Methods
Harvested human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with phytohemagglutinin and lipopolysaccharide, and murine peritoneal macrophages were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β for the evaluation of Sulf-1 and Sulf-2 expression. Sulf expression in inflammatory cells was examined in the human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium by immunofluorescence staining. The antigen presentation and phagocytic activities of macrophages were compared according to the expression state of Sulfs. Sulfs-knockdown macrophages and Sulfs-overexpressing macrophages were generated using small interfering RNAs and pcDNA3.1 plasmids for Sulf-1 and Sulf-2, respectively.
Results
Lymphocytes and monocytes showed weak Sulf expression, which remained unaffected by IL-1β. However, peritoneal macrophages showed increased expression of Sulfs upon stimulation with IL-1β. In human RA synovium, two-colored double immunofluorescent staining of Sulfs and CD68 revealed active upregulation of Sulfs in macrophages of inflamed tissues, but not in lymphocytes of lymphoid follicles. Macrophages are professional antigen-presenting cells. The antigen presentation and phagocytic activities of macrophages were dependent on the level of Sulf expression, suppressed in Sulfs-knockdown macrophages, and enhanced in Sulfs-overexpressing macrophages.
Conclusion
The results demonstrate that upregulation of Sulfs in macrophages occurs in response to inflammation, and Sulfs actively regulate the antigen presentation and phagocytic activities of macrophages as novel immune regulators.

Citations

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  • The prognostic value and immunological role of SULF2 in adrenocortical carcinoma
    Jiusong Yan, Xiaodu Xie, Qinke Li, Peihe Liang, Junyong Zhang, Guangyong Xu
    Heliyon.2023; 9(2): e13613.     CrossRef
  • Machine learning-based metabolism-related genes signature, single-cell RNA sequencing, and experimental validation in hypersensitivity pneumonitis
    Jie He, Bo Wang, Meifeng Chen, Lingmeng Song, Hezhi Li
    Medicine.2023; 102(40): e34940.     CrossRef
  • Extracellular sulfatase-2 is overexpressed in rheumatoid arthritis and mediates the TNF-α-induced inflammatory activation of synovial fibroblasts
    Ruby J. Siegel, Anil K. Singh, Paul M. Panipinto, Farheen S. Shaikh, Judy Vinh, Sang U. Han, H. Mark Kenney, Edward M. Schwarz, Cynthia S. Crowson, Sadik A. Khuder, Basil S. Khuder, David A. Fox, Salahuddin Ahmed
    Cellular & Molecular Immunology.2022; 19(10): 1185.     CrossRef
  • Heparan Sulfate Glycosaminoglycan Is Predicted to Stabilize Inflammatory Infiltrate Formation and RANKL/OPG Ratio in Severe Periodontitis in Humans
    Roko Duplancic, Marija Roguljic, Darko Bozic, Darko Kero
    Bioengineering.2022; 9(10): 566.     CrossRef
  • Mood Regulatory Actions of Active and Sham Nucleus Accumbens Deep Brain Stimulation in Antidepressant Resistant Rats
    Rajas P. Kale, Thanh Thanh L. Nguyen, J. Blair Price, Nathanael J. Yates, Ken Walder, Michael Berk, Roy V. Sillitoe, Abbas Z. Kouzani, Susannah J. Tye
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
A Case of Gout with Nodular Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis
Yong-Wook Jung, Myung-Jin Oh, Dae-Young Yun, Young-Hoon Hong, Choong-Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S775-780.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S775
  • 1,349 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign proliferative disorder of uncertain etiology that affect synovial lined joints. This disesse is an uncommon that usually afflicts the knee joint. Two types of villi are present in this disease, localized form is called ‘nodular PVNS’ and non localized form is ‘diffuse PVNS’. On microscopy, PVNS is characterized by the presence of hemosiderin-laden, multinucleated, giant cells. But plain radiograph in PVNS shows normal finding exclude effusion, so cannot help diagnosis of PVNS. We experienced a case of a 59-years-old male patient who complained multiple arthralgia, swelling, limit of motion of Lt knee. We gave diagonsis of gout with PVNS by MRI and arthroscopic procedure. So we report this case with review of literature.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science