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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 10(2); December 1993
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Original Articles
Review fo Autistic Disorder.
Jong Bum Lee, Hyung Bae Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):263-286.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.263
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Abdominoplasty.
Jung Hyun Seul, Jae Ho Jeong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):287-297.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.287
  • 1,397 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
C-reactive protein inpregnancy and labor.
Jong Ho Kim, Byung Suk Kim, Jae Yul Lee, Young Gi Lee, Tae Hyung Lee, Seung Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):298-305.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.298
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to evaluate the clinical usefulness of maternal serum C-reactive protein measurement in early detection of infectious morbidity at term laboring women, serum C-reactive protein levels were measured in 521 healthy pregnant women : 64 who were not in labor before term, 55 who were in labor before term, 71 who were not in labor at term and 331 who were in labor at term. The frequencies of elevated serum C-reactive protein level were compared in relation to the gestational weeks, the presence or absence of labor, the status of amniotic membranes and the degree of cervical dilation. The obtained results were as follows. 1. The frequencies of women with elevated serum C-reactive protein, 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.9 mg/dl or higher, in 521 health pregnant women were, 12 % and 4 %, respectively. 2. C-reactive pretein levels of 0.8 mg/dl or higher were more frequent in the group of women in labor than those not in labor(5. 93 %, vs, 13.73 %, p<0.05), but the frequencies of C-reactive protein level of 2.0 mg/dl or higher were not statistically different between both groups. The frequencies of C-reactive protein level of 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.0 mg/dl or higher were not statistically different between the groups before term and at term, intact and ruptured membranes, latent phase and active phase of labor, respectively. 3. Before term, C-reactive protein levels of 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.0 mg/dl or higher were more frequent in the group of women in labor than those not in labor(23.64 vs. 4.69, p<0.001 and 12.73% vs. 3.13%, p<0.05, respectively), but those statistical differences were not seen between both group at term. Above results and review of literature suggest that serum C-reactive protein level of 2.0 mg/dl or higher may be reliable in early detection of infectious morbidity at term laboring women as well as laboring women before term, and the presence of subclinical infection should be suspected in the laboring women before term with serum C-reactive protein level of 0.8 mg/dl or higher.
Meaning of anti hepatitis C virus antibody detection in patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin
Myong Gyun Lee, Young Hwan Lee, Son Moon Shin, Jeong Ok Hah
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):306-312.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.306
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To evaluate the meaning of anti-HCV detection in patients treated with IVIG, serum levels of aspartate aminotranstferase(AST), alanine aminotransterase(ALT), HCV Ab titer were measured after treatment with IVIG in 36 patients diagnised of Kawasaki disease or neonatal sepsis. Also polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of HCV was done in 8 patients with persistent HCV Ab positivity at 3 months after IVIG treatment. The results were as follows 1) HCV Ab was positive in all 36 patients at 1 week after IVIG treatment, but in only 8 cases it was positive at 3 months after IVIG treatment. 2) AST, ALT were elevated in 9 cases at 1 week after IVIG treatment, but they were normalized in all cases at 3 months after IVIG treatment. 3) PCR for the detection of HCV was done in 8 patients with persistent HCV Ab positivity at 3 months after IVIG treatment, but HCV was not isolated in any cases. These results suggested that detection of anti-HCV was merely transitory phenominon of HCV Ab transmission, did not show any evidence of HCV infection due to HCV transmission.
Fine structure and detoxification kinetics in kupffer cells after injection of endotoxin in rats.
Joon Hyuk Choi, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):313-337.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.313
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to clarify the role of Kupffer cells in the mechanism of endotoxin-induced liver injury. The study on fine structure of Kupffer cells was performed after the injection of endotoxin. The endotoxin(Escherichia soli lipopolysaccharide 026: B6, 1.5mg/100 g of body weight) was intraperitoneally injected in Sprague-Dewley rats. Animals were sacrificed at 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 72 and 120 hours after the injection of endotoxin. Livers were extirpated and processed to be examined by light and electron microscopy. The results obtained were summerized as follows: Early changes observed in liver after endotoxin injection included the increased number and hypertrophy of Kupffer cells, infiltration of neutrophils and presence of fibrin thrombi within the sinusoids. The coritinuous increase of the Kupffer cells in number with hypertrophy, congestion and infiltration of inflammatory cells within the sinusoids were observed. Hepatocytes showed* fatty change and occasional necrosis. At 72 hours the congestion decreased. At 120 hours the number of Kupffer cells was increased, but the morphology of Kupffer cells became similar to that of the control group. The numbers and sizes of primary and secondary lysosomes and amount of euchromatin of Kupffer cells increased. Swellings and increase in number of mitochondria, Golgi complex, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, rough endoplasmic reticulum were evident. Microthrombi were present within the sinusoids. The swelling of rough endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, decrease of glycogen particles, fatty change, hypoxic vacuoles, pyknotic nuclei and occasional necrosis were observed in hepatocytes. At 72 hours the number of secondary lysosomes in Kupffer cells decreased. At 120 hours the morphology of Kupffer cells became similar to that of the control group. According to these results, it was postulated that the endotoxin was initially taken up by pinocytosis into Kupffer cells and degraded in secondary lysosomes of activated Kupffer cells. Kupffer cells may play an important role in the defense mechanism of liver during endotoxemia. The dysfunction of Kupffer cells and ischemia by sinusoidal microthrombi may cause liver injury.
A study of extraversion-introversion as a dimension of personality in schizophrenics.
Jung Hoon Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):338-344.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.338
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to investigate the trait cortical arousal level, measured by extraversion-introversion, in schizophrenics. Subjects in this study were 231 (chronic schizophrenics= 78, acute schizophrenics= 62, and normal persons= 91). All subjects were asked to respond to extraversion-introversion subtest scale in the korean EPQ(Korean Version Eysenck Personality Questionnaire). Collected data were analyzed by using the. t-test and one-way analysis of variance. Results were as follows: 1) Trait cortical arousal level of chronic schizophrenics, which was measured by extraversion-introversion subtest scale in the Korean EPQ, was statistically higher than that. of. acute schizophrenics and normals. 2) Acute schizophrenics and normals were not significantly different in the trait cortical arousal level. However, the trait cortical arousal level of chronic schizophrenics was higher than that of acute schizophrenics. Therefore, it may state that the trait cortical arousal level of schizophrenics is getting higher when schizophrenic symptoms become more chronic.

Citations

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  • A Study on Personality Traits and Cognitive Characteristics of the Sasang Constitution using Neuropsychological and Personality Tests
    Munsu Kang, Gyung Yu, Lakhyung Kim
    Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry.2015; 26(2): 131.     CrossRef
Risk factors in relation to blood pressure in school children.
Dong Soo Lee, Kyeong Soo Lee, Pock Soo Kang
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):345-359.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.345
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This study was conducted to identify the factors related to the blood pressure in school children. The study subjects were 144 boys and 140 girls aged 10 years old, 4th grade student of one elementary school in Taegu City. Blood pressure and 18 variables for 284 school children were measured in May 1992. A weight-for-height index, Rohrer index(weightlheighe) was calculated for each individual as a measure of obesity. Body fat percent, fat weight, and lean body mass were measured by impedance fat meter(Model SIF-891). Serum total cholesterol, higli-density lipoprotein, triglyceride, uric acid, total protein, and electrolyte were measured by automated clinical chemistry analyzer(Hitachi 4020). Low-density lipoprotein and atherogenic index were calculated by the equation. The variables assessed were sex, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, Rohrer index, body fat percent, body fat weight, lean body mass, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, uric acid, total protein, serum electrolyte and blood glucose. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures for boys were 104.1mmHg and 66.6mmHg and those for girls were 102.9mmHg and 67.5mmHg. Systolic blood pressure of boys was positively correlated with height, weight, Rohrer index, fat weight, lean body mass, and triglyceride. Systolic blood pressure of girls was positively correlated with height, weight, lean body mass, and uric acid. Diastolic blood pressure of boys was positively correlated with weight, Rohrer index, and lean body mass. Diastolic blood pressure of girls was positively correlated with height, weight, fat weight, and lean body mass and negatively with total serum protein. In multiple regression analysis for the systolic blood pressure, the significant independent variables were Rohrer index and serum sodium in boys, and serum uric acid, fat percent, and Rohrer index in girls. In multiple regression analysis of the diastolic blood pressure, the significant independent variables were Rohrer index in boys and total serum protein in girls. This study indicated that important factors influencing blood pressure in school children were Rohrer index, fat percent, serum sodium, uric acid, and total protein. Rohrer index was most important among these. It is recommended to enforce the nutritional education for diet control of obesity to prevent hypertention in children and to adopt healthy life-styles that promote good health and prevent development of cardiovascular risk factors.
Isolation of GTP binding from bovine brain.
Jung Hye Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):360-368.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.360
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AbstractAbstract PDF
GTP binding protein (G-protein) associated with membrane and involved in signal transduction was isolated from bovine brain, and molecular weight of G protein was observed. As the results, cell membranes were homogenized from bovine brain tissues and proteins of membrane were gained using 1% cholate, and progressed the chromatography. The purification process was performed by step, DEAE-Sephacel, Ulttrogel AcA 34 and heptylamine-Sepharose column chromatography. The chromatographic fractions were confirmed by GTP binding assay and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Molecular weight of Goa was revealed 39,000 dalton and GR 36,000 dalton. One more step of heptylamine-Sepharose was enforced to purify the GTP binding protein. Finally I gained the GTP binding protein isolated subtype of Goalpha and Gbeta.
A study of bone mineral density of lumbar spine by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in children.
Chur Woo You, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park, Son Yong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):369-379.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.369
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The bone mineral density(BMD) of the lumbar spine (L2L4) was measured by using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry(Norland M6 DEXA) in 80 children aged between 2months and 15years (group I:2monthlyears, group 2: 1year5years, group3:6years10years, group4*: 11years15years). The correlation coefficient of BMD with age, body weight, height and Tanner stage were 0.696, 0.693, 0.717 and 0.636 respectively. There were sigificant difference. in BMD(g/cm2) between-group 1(BMD : 0.335 0.175) and group 2(BMD : 0.627 0.200), and group 3(BMD : 0.714 0.189) and group.4(BMD : 0. 8730.163) (P<0.05). There was no significant difference of BMD between boys and girls(P<0.05). BMD also increased significantly with development of Tanner stages(Tanner stage 1 : 0.547 0.234, Tanner stage 2 : 0.783 0.136, Tanner stage 3 : 0.998 0.080) (P<0.05). These data indicate that the BMD was correlated with age, body weight, height and Tanner stage significantly and BMD increased significantly during growth spurt occured in 1 to 4years of age and puberty.
Conservative surgery and definitive radiotherapy in early breast cancer
Sei One Shin, Jung Sook Hong, Myung Se Kim, Young Do Lee, Sung Kyu Kim, Soo Jung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):380-387.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.380
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Local excision and axillary dissection followed by radiation therapy to the breast has been shown to achieve equivalent local control and survival as mastectomy in an prospective randomized trials. We analyzed 28 cases of early breast cancer in order to evaluate the therapeutic effects of conservative f surgery and definitive radiotherapy in the management of early breast cancer as possible alternative of simple mastectomy, retrospectively. Obtained results were as follows 1. Treatment related acute side reactions are more prominant in the case of chemoradiotherapy group than radiotherapy alone group. 2. There were no cases of primary, regional or systemic failures on the last follow up examination. 3. Cosmetic results after treatment were satisfactory in 26 cases out of 28 cases on the last follow up examination. 4. There were no demonstrable differences of tumor control and cosmetic results between the treatment groups. Although, these results suggested that definitive radiotherapy after local excision would be a possible and desirable alternative instead of total mastectomy in the management of early breast cancers, analyzed cases were too small and follow up period was too short to evaluate the therapeutic effect of primary radiotherapy after local excision, exactly.
Treatment of tibial fractures by interlocking intramedullary nailing.
Kwang Yeoung Jung, Dong Chul Lee, Jae Sung Suh, Se Dong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):388-399.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.388
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The adequate treatment of tibia fracture is one of the most difficult due to severe commiuntion, open wound, delayed union, angulation deformity and infection. We treated 38 fractures of the tibia by Interlocking intramedullary nail from Feb. 1983 to Mar. 1993. 35 cases of the tibia fracture were fresh, 13 cases of fracture were open. The other 3 cases were delayed union and nonunion. The Mean follow-up was 14.0 months. The results were as followings. 1. Of the 38 fractures, 37 fractures united and the mean union time was 18.7 weeks. 2. Interlocking intramedullary nail could be used to the majority of fractures of the proximal & distal tibia shaft. fractures. 3. The Im erlocking nail had rigid rotational stability and was appropriate for the treatment in severe unstable fractures, commninution and open-with bone loss. 4. Delayed union or nonunion was a good indication for intramedullary nailling. 5. The major-complication were valgus deformity of 2 cases, varus deformity of 1 case, 1 case deep infection. 6. Interlocking intramedullary nailing provided rigid fixation of . fracture and then made early joint motion exercise and ambulation.
Percutaneous K-wire fixation of supracondylar fracture of humerus in children.
Duk Seop Shin, Jong Chul Ahn, Se Dong Kim, Dong Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):400-408.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.400
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During the period from March 1990 to November 1993, 22 children with diplaced supracondylar fracture of humerus were treated by closed reduction and percutaneous K-wire fixation at department of Orthopaedic surgery in Yeungnam University. All fracture were treated with closed reduction under the general anesthesia and percutaneous pinning. After the fracture was internally fixed, intraoperative anteroposterior reontgenograms of each distal humerus were compared. Only anatomical reduction ensured good result,, because the main cause of late cubitus varus was medial tilting of distal fragment. We could follow up 10 patients more than one year. By Flynn's criteria, satisfactory result were obtained in 9 of the 10. Unsatisfactory one had a limitation in flexion of elbow joint, but had no problem in cosmetic feature. In short term follow up of 7 patients, 5 patients had a satisfactory result, too. There were no neurovascular complication and hospitalization was shortened to 11.4 days. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning provided stabillity, vascular safty, simplified management, reduced hospital stay. This is safe and reliable technique for obtaining and maintaining an exellent reduction.
Comparison study of AAS and ISE method in the lithium analysis of serum and urine.
Soo In Lee, Chae Hoon Lee, Kyung Dong Kim, Chung Sook Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):409-416.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.409
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In the method for lithium (Li) analysis, flame emission photometry and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) have been used most frequently. In addition, lithium can be analyzed by ion-selective electrode (ISE) or fluorscence polarization immunoassay. We evaluated the comparison between AAS method based on the principle of absorption of light at 670.8 nm by Li and ISE method based on the principle of voliage difference generated by Li in contact with lithium ionophore. We compared with those obtained by AAS (AA/AE Spectrophotometer 551, Instrumentation Laboratory Co.) and ISE (SYNCHRON EL-ISE, Beckman Co.) in the serum and urine of 6 pati,,:nts- and evaluated time-related changes of serum lithium concentration after dosing in both methods. The results are summarized-as follows: 1. In within-run precision study for lithium concentration, coefficient variations (CVs, %) ranged from 1.34 to 2.17 for AAS and from 0.34 to 0.85 for ISE method. In between-run precision study for lithium concentration, CVs ranged from 1.23 to 1.72 for AAS and from 0.61 to 1.38 for ISE method. 2. The correlation study between AAS and ISE method resulted in Y= 0.946X+ 0.137 (N = 32, r= 0. 933, X= AAS, Y= ISE) for serum lithium and Y= 1. 092X+ 0. 977 (N= 28, r= 0.943, X= AAS, Y= ISE) for urine lithium. 3. Time-related changes of serum lithium concentration in both AAS and ISE method resulted in peak serum levels about 2 hours after dosing and then rapidly decreased after the peak serum level and finally arrived at nearly initial levels about 9 hours after dosing. 4. The reference range of serum lithium was found as undetectable level for both AAS and ISE method and the reference range of urine lithium to the urine creatinine was 0 0.00014 mmol/mg(mean 0.00002 mmol/mg) for AAS method.
Computed tomographic findings of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors
Woo Mok Byun, Kil Ho Cho, Bok Hwan Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):417-422.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.417
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Diagnosis of malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary is usually difficult because many ovarian neoplasms have similar clinical and radiologic manifestations. We reviewed retrospectively 12 cases of ovarian malignant germ cell tumor and evaluated with respect to size, mass characteristics on computed tomography for differential diagnosis. Endodermal sinus tumors were mainly cystic mass with some solid component and septations. Immature teratomas showed typical manifestations, such as fatty tissue, calcifications, cysts, and irregular shaped soft tissue densities. Dysgerminoma was mainly solid mass without cystic component, and mixed germ cell tumor showed nonspecific manifestations. All cases were relatively large in size, and young in age. In conclusion, CT findings of malignant germ cell tumors are helpful in differential diagnosis
The risk factors of recurrent ischemic stroke
Cheol Jung, Wook Nyneon Kim, Min Jeung Kim, Soek Mum Choi, Kyung Yoon Eur, Mee Young Park, Jeng Sang Hah, Yeung Ju Byun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):423-431.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.423
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the risk factors which are related to recurrence of ischemic stroke, we selected subjects who were admitted to YNUH due to recurrent stroke and compared their risk factors with non-recurred group- who suffered from single ischemic stroke. In the subjects, 55 of them are men and 22 were women and in the non-recurred groups, 84 of them were men and 40 were women, Subject's age ranged from 29 to 86 years (Mean 62.5years), and non-recurred group's age ranged from 27 to 90 years (Mean 60.7years), Peak incidence of ischemic stroke is in the 7th decade in both groups. Age and sex are not statistically significant for recurrence of ischemic stroke. The patient's history of diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, transient attack and type or site of ischemic stroke had no significant effect statistically on the recurrent ischemic stroke. However, when the patient had previous history of hypertension or systolic blood pressure more than 160 mmHg and diastolic more than 95mmHg, there was substantial difference (P<0.05) between the two group in the recurrence of ischemic stroke. According to the above results, hypertension is most likely significant risk factor of the recurrence of ischemic stroke within 2 yers after initial one. Therefore, adequate treatment of the hypertension is important for the prevention of ischemic stroke. Further study is required for searching other risk factors.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Hemiplegic Experience after Stroke among Middle Aged Man
    Soo-Yong Oh, Jeong-Seop Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(5): 582.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, health‐promoting behaviors, and biological risks of recurrent stroke among stroke patients in Korea
    Hei Ryun Lee, Ok Kyung Ham, Young Whee Lee, Insook Cho, Hyun Soo Oh, Joung‐Ho Rha
    Japan Journal of Nursing Science.2014; 11(2): 112.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science