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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 24(1); June 2007
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Original Article
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
Seung Pil Jung, Keun Mi Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):1-10.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.1
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome (abbreviated CFIDS or CFS) is a disorder characterized by debilitating fatigue(over 6 months), along with cognitive, musculoskeletal, and sleep abnormalities. The etiology of this illness is unlikely to be a single agent. Findings to date suggest that physiological and psychological factors work together to predispose and perpetuate the illness. Diagnosis is made difficult by the nonspecific clinical findings and no available diagnostic testing. With no known cause or cure for the chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome, treatment is based on relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life of affected patients. There is emerging evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome may be familial. In the future, studies will examine the extent to which genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of chronic fatigue syndrome. Most patients with CFS have psychiatric problems such as a generalized anxiety disorder, or major or minor depression, therefore, these mental health disorders may be correlated with the pathophysiology of the CFS. The treatment for CFS must be individualized, due to the heterogeneity of the CFS population. Also the treatment of CFS is built on a foundation of patient-physician relationship, respect and advocacy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Consumptive Disease and Chronic Fatigue Improved by Nokyonggunbi-tang and Other Korean Medical Treatments: A Case Report
    Mu-jin Park, So-ri Jin, Eun-jae Oh, Woo-sub Song, Hyun-seok Lee, Kyu-hyun Hwang, Seung-ju Oh, Ah-ra Ju, Su-in Baek
    The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine.2021; 42(5): 738.     CrossRef
Reviews
Hirschsprung's Disease.
Nam Hyuk Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):11-23.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.11
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hirschsprung's disease is one of the most common causes of intestinal obstruction in neonates and infants. The underlying pathology of this disease is the absence of the ganglion cells in both the myenteric (Auerbach's) plexus and the submucosal (Meissner's) plexus. Since Hirschsprung's report in 1886, there have been thousands of papers on Hirschsprung's disease but the cause of the absence of the ganglion cells has not been identified. Hirschsprung's disease can be successfully treated with the Swenson, the Duhamel, and the Soave operations even though the pathogenesis is unknown. With the recent progress of molecular biology and genetics, a more detailed approach to the pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease can be undertaken. In addition, there have been recent developments in the surgical approach. In this review, recent advances in surgery for Hirschsprung's disease are presented.
Identification of Interleukin 1-Responsive Genes in Human Chondrosarcoma SW1354 cells by cDNA Microarray Technology.
Jun Ha Jeon, Yong Wook Jung, Dae Young Yun, Hyun Do Kim, Chang Mo Kwon, Young Hoon Hong, Jae Ryong Kim, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):24-40.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.24
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Accumulating evidence shows that interleukin(IL)-1 plays a critical role in inflammation and connective tissue destruction observed in both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. IL-1 induces gene expression related to cytokines, chemokines and matrix metalloproteinases by activation of many different transcription factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, is known to be a valuable in vitro system for investigating catabolic gene regulation by IL-1beta in chondrocytic cells. To explore and analyze the changes in gene expression by IL-1 responsible for arthritis, SW1353 was treated with IL-1 for 1, 6 and 24 h and then total RNAs were purified for each time. The changes in gene expression were analyzed with 17k human cDNA microarrays and validated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: Greater than a two-fold change was observed in 1,200 genes including metallothioneins, matrix metalloproteinases, extracellular matrix proteins, antioxidant proteins, cytoskeleton proteins, cell cycle regulatory proteins, proteins for cell growth and apoptosis, signaling proteins and transcription factors. These changes appeared to be correlate with the pathophysiological changes observed in early osteoarthritis. CONCLUSION: cDNA microarray analysis revealed a marked variability in gene expression, and provided insight into the overall molecular changes. The result of this study provide initial information for further studies to identify therapeutic targets in osteoarthritis pathogenesis.
Original Articles
Prehospital Status of the Patients with Ischemic Chest Pain before Admitting in the Emergency Department.
Hye Hwa Jin, Sam Beom Lee, Byung Soo Do, Byung Yeol Chun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):41-54.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.41
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The causes of chest pain vary but the leading cause of chest pain is ischemic heart disease. Mortality from ischemic chest pain has increased more than two fold over the last ten years. The purpose of this study was to determine the data necessary for rapid treatment of patients with signs and symptoms of ischemic chest pain in the emergency department (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We interviewed 170 patients who had ischemic chest pain in the emergency department of Yeungnam University Hospital over 6 months with a protocol developed for the evaluation. The protocol used included gender, age, arriving time, prior hospital visits, methods of transportation to the hospital, past medical history, final diagnosis, and outcome information from follow up. RESULTS: Among 170 patients, there were 118 men (69.4%) and the mean age was 63 years. The patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were 106 (62.4%) and with angina pectoris (AP) were 64 (37.6%). The patients who had visited another hospital were 68.8%, twice the number that came directly to this hospital (p<0.05). The ratio of patients who visited another hospital were higher for the AMI (75.5%) than the AP (59.4%) patients (p<0.05). The median time spent deciding whether to go to hospital was 521 minutes and for transportation was 40 minutes. With regard to patients that visited another hospital first, the median time spent at the other hospital was 40 minutes. The total median time spent before arriving at our hospital was 600 minutes (p>0.05). The patients who had a total time delay of over 6 hours was similar 54.8% in the AMI group and 57.9% in the AP group (p>0.05). As a result, only 12.2% of the patients with an AMI received thrombolytics, and 48.8% of them had a simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In the emergency department 8.5% of the patients with an AMI died. CONCLUSION: Timing is an extremely important factor for the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Most patients arrive at the hospital after a long time lapse from the onset of chest pain. In addition, most patients present to a different hospital before they arrive at the final hospital for treatment. Therefore, important time is lost and opportunities for treatment with thrombolytics and/or PCI are diminished leading to poor outcomes for many patients in the ED. The emergency room treatment must improve for the identification and treatment of ischemic heart disease so that patients can present earlier and treatment can be started as soon as they present to an emergency room.
Health Behaviors of Nurses at a University Hospital according to Type of Work.
Mi Kyung Kwon, Pock soo Kang, Tae Yoon Hwang, Kyeong Soo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):55-66.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.55
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  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The goal of this study was to examine the health behaviors of nurses and provide basic information on health promotion for nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was completed by 340 nurses working at a university hospital in Daegu, Korea from March 6 to March 30, 2006. The questionnaire included demographic characteristics, working environment, health behaviors, self-assessed health status, and the practice of health promotion activities according to the work group(shift group vs. non-shift group). RESULTS: There were significant differences in 'regular diet', 'drinking', 'ordinary health management', 'regular exercise', 'leisure activities', 'rest', and 'feeling of fatigue' between the two groups. The score for the practice of health promotion activities of the non-shift group was 121.9, which was higher than the 115.4 for the shift group. By field of practice of health promotion activities, there were significant differences in 'self-realization' and 'nutrition' between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The shift group did not appear to have enough time to take care of their health. It is therefore important to provide a working environment in which nurses are encouraged to increase their interest and efforts to maintain healthy behaviors. In addition, programs for education and training should be developed to help nurses adopt healthy life styles and enhance their self-esteem.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations of mindful eating with dietary intake pattern, occupational stress, and mental well‐being among clinical nurses
    Seung‐Hye Choi, Haeyoung Lee
    Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.2020; 56(2): 355.     CrossRef
  • A Survey on the Health Behavior and General and Ocular Health Care Status of Optometrists
    Jihye Ahn, Eunji Oh, Moonsung Choi
    Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society.2020; 25(3): 195.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Happiness Index of Hospital Nurses
    Moon Hee Nam, Young Chae Kwon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2013; 19(3): 329.     CrossRef
Upregulation of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA Expression by Interleukin-18.
Hyo Young Kim, Hee Sun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):67-78.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.67
  • 1,570 View
  • 7 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is one of the principal inducers of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in lymphocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of IL-18 on the expression of chemokine IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA in C57BL/6 mouse peritoneal macrophages was studied by using Northern blot analysis, enzyme linked immunosobent assay and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. RESULTS: IL-18 was determined to exert no direct effect on the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. However, IL-18 pretreatment was determined to play a cooperative role in the synergistic induction of LPS-induced IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA expression. The effect associated with IL-18 pretreatment with regard to the synergistic induction of LPS-induced IP-10 (CXCL10) mRNA expression was detected after 16 hr of IL-18 pretreatment, administered prior to LPS stimulation. The pattern of NF-kB binding activity during IL-18 pretreatment with LPS stimulation was found to coincide with the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. CONCLUSION: Although IL-18 alone exerts no direct effect on the expression of chemokine IP-10(CXCL10), a definite period of IL-18 pretreatment induces the synergistic expression of LPS-induced IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. NF-kB activation is a component of this synergistic effect of IL-18 pretreatment. These results provide useful information, which may facilitate the elucidation of the action mechanisms underlying IL-18 effect on the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA.
Case Reports
A case of Bilateral Near Blindness Secondary to Isolated Sphenoid Sinus Aspergillosis with Headache.
Jun Pil Yoon, Se Jin Lee, Jun Lee, Ju Hyun Kim, Hyun Doo Noh
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):79-84.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.79
  • 1,630 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Sphenoid sinus aspergillosis is notorious for its serious complications, such as permanent cranial nerve deficits and possible death. The most common associated symptoms are headache, followed by visual changes, and cranial nerve palsies. Because of an insidious onset, frequently resulting in missed and delayed diagnosis, sphenoid sinus aspergillosis is a potentially lethal medical condition. We report a case of visual loss secondary to isolated sphenoid sinus aspergillosis. A 69-year-old man presented to our hospital with the complaint of headache. The headache started one year previously and was described as severe dull pain localized bilaterally to the temporo-orbital region. The patient took daily NSAIDs for the pain. The neurological examination was normal. The MRI of the brain showed a left sphenoid sinusitis. A transnasal endoscopic superior meatal sphenoidotomy was performed. Aspergillosis was confirmed after a surgical biopsy was obtained. The patient was discharged from hospital without antifungal therapy. One month later, the patient complained of headache and loss of vision bilaterally. The orbital MRI showed a left cavernous sinus and bilateral optic nerve invasion. The loss of visions was permanent. In our case, the diagnosis was delayed; antifungal agents were not administered after surgery and the patient lost his vision as a result. Therefore, early diagnosis and proper treatment are important. Although the treatment of an invasive type of aspergillus has not been established, surgical removal of a nidus and aggressive antifungal therapy are recommended.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) (AML1/ETO) in a Patient with Marked Hypocellularity and Low Blasts Count.
Sung Ho Chun, Hee Soon Cho, Chae Hoon Lee, Kyung Dong Kim, Min Kyoung Kim, Myung Soo Hyun, Soon Il Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):85-90.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.85
  • 1,534 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system, cases with t(8;21)(q22;q22) should be diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) even with a blast count of less than 20 percent in blood or bone marrow. It is an uncommon manifestation, moreover hypocellularity is rarely observed in this subtype of leukemia. Here, we report a case of t(8;21) in a patient with marked hypocellularity of less than 5 percent and a blast count of less than 20 percent. This patient responded relatively well to chemotherapy. An allogeneic bone marrow transplantation was performed with good engraftment . This case suggests that hypocellular AML with a t(8;21) has as good a prognosis as hypercellular AML with t(8;21).
Two Cases of Extrapelvic endometriosis following Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and Cesarean section.
Jei Jun Bae, Mi Sun Lim, Min Whan Koh, Tae Hyung Lee, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):91-96.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.91
  • 1,523 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Extrapelvic endometriosis is a rare disease. The majority of extrapelvic endometriosis cases involve scar tissue following obstetric and gynecologic procedures. We have treated two cases of extrapelvic incisional endometriosis. A 39 year old female patient with cyclic vaginal spotting after laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy due to uterine myoma and a 35 year old female patient with a painful palpable abdominal mass after cesarean section. Both underwent complete excision and were proven to have endometriosis by pathology. Here we report on both cases and review the medical literatures.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Pleural Endometriosis Presented as Right Sided Hemothorax in a Patient Who Underwent Kidney Transplantation
    Eun-Hye Shin, Bo-Mi Shin, Yeon-Jung Ha, Il-Young Jang, Ji-Won Jung, Hyung-Jin Cho, Su-Kil Park
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2013; 30(2): 145.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science