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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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2 "Diabetic retinopathy"
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Original article
Association of advanced chronic kidney disease with diabetic retinopathy severity in older patients with diabetes: a retrospective cross-sectional study
Geun Woo Lee, Chul Ho Lee, Seong Gyu Kim
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2023;40(2):146-155.   Published online May 26, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2022.00206
  • 2,827 View
  • 82 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Despite the recent increasing trend in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among older individuals, the relationship between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in these patients remains unclear. This study investigated the severity of renal dysfunction according to the degree of DR in older patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods
A total of 116 patients with diabetes and CKD stage ≥3 who visited both the nephrology and ophthalmology outpatient departments between July 2021 and January 2022 were screened. There were 53 patients in the no DR group, 20 in the nonproliferative DR (NPDR) group, and 43 in the proliferative DR (PDR) group.
Results
DR severity was related to the deterioration of renal function. The proportion of patients with advanced CKD significantly increased with DR severity (p for trend <0.001). In the multivariate regression model adjusted for age of ≥80 years, male sex, poorly controlled diabetes, macroalbuminuria, insulin use, diabetes duration of ≥10 years, cerebrovascular accident, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cardiovascular disease history, the odds ratio compared with the no DR group was approximately 4.6 for the NPDR group and approximately 11.8 for the PDR group, which were both statistically significant (p=0.025 and p<0.001, respectively).
Conclusion
DR severity in older patients with diabetes may be associated with deterioration of renal function and high prevalence of advanced CKD. Therefore, periodic examination for DR in older patients with diabetes is important for predicting renal function deterioration and CKD progression.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Diabetic Macular Edema Is Predictive of Renal Failure in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Kidney Disease
    Shih-Hsiang Ou, Wei-Che Chang, Ling-Ying Wu, Shiow-Ing Wang, James Cheng-Chung Wei, Po-Tsang Lee
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2024; 109(3): 761.     CrossRef
  • Study on Correlation between Renal Function and Diabetic Retinopathy
    卓越 郑
    Advances in Clinical Medicine.2024; 14(03): 513.     CrossRef
Review
In Vitro Culture of Endothelial Cell and Smooth Muscle Cell for Studying Vascular Diseases.
Joo Young Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(2):91-97.   Published online December 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.2.91
  • 1,499 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Endothelial cells play a key role in pathological processes such as cancer cell metastasis, atherosclerosis, and diabetic retinopathy. Vascular smooth muscle cells directly involve in the formation of atheroma in atherosclerosis. Some kinds of the endothelial cells are simply harvested from the umbilical veins, the tunica intima of aortic walls, the retina using various enzymes solutions. Those purely isolated cells provide a powerful tool in vitro studies of the endothelial cell related diseases. In this context, the cultured smooth muscle cells after the isolation from the tunica media of aortic walls are also used for elucidating the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Here, I briefly introduce articles that include the isolation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), aortic endothelial and smooth muscle cells, retinal microvascular endothelial cells (RMEC), as well as the diseases' applications of these cells.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science