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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 26(2); December 2009
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Reviews
Current Trend of the Primary Treatment in Lower Urinary Tract Symptom/Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.
Hee Chang Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):85-92.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.85
  • 1,556 View
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a multifaceted phenomenon that is due to prostatic and bladder influences as well as nonurological causes. It is also important to differentiate between the more common voiding or obstructive symptoms as well as the more bothersome storage or irritative symptoms. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and BPH may be two separate conditions with different underlying pathologies. However, they are often treated incorrectly as one entity. Both conditions are very common and they represent chronic conditions of the aging male. They are often associated with a significant reduction in the patients' quality of life. Although these are not new conditions, there have been enormous changes in the methods of assessing and managing the patients with these conditions. This review describes some of the influential studies in this area and the current trends of the primary treatment for LUTS/BPH.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Image Analysis of Computer Aided Diagnosis using Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix in the Ultrasonography for Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
    Jin-Young Cho, Chang-Soo Kim, Se-Sik Kang, Seong-Jin Ko, Soo-Young Ye
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2015; 15(3): 184.     CrossRef
Use of Magnesium in Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine.
Chae Rim Seong, Dae Lim Jee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):93-101.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.93
  • 1,419 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The use of magnesium sulphate has recently increased in anesthesiology and pain medicine. The roles of magnesium sulphate are as an analgesic adjuvant, a vasodilator, a calcium channel blocker and reducing the anesthetic requirement. These effect are primarily based on the regulation of calcium influx into the cell and antagonism of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. We discuss here the clinical effects of magnesium sulphate on anesthesiology and pain medicine.
Original Article
The Effect of Probiotic on Constipation in Rats.
Jin Hee Kim, Sung Chul Park, Jong Yeon Kim, Yoon Ki Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):102-107.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.102
  • 1,621 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Constipation is one of the most common disorders in Korea and Western countries. It may be related with life style, diet, physical activity, age, stress and gender, and particularly premenopausal women experience constipation more often than men due to the significant prolongation of the mean colonic transit in women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a probiotic on constipation in loperamide-induced constipated rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were divided into 3 groups. Constipation was induced by administration of loperamide for 5 days, and the excreted amount as well as the number of feces was observed. Lactic acid bacteria as a probiotic were administered orally every day for 5 days. RESULTS: The results showed that loperamide administration induced severe experimental constipation in rats. The amount of feces was decreased and the number of pellets was increased by loperamide. The water content in the feces as a parameter of constipation was also decreased by loperamide. On the other hand, the dry weights of feces were not significantly different among the groups. It represents that the amount of food consumption might have been similar among the groups, and constipation was caused by delayed intestinal movement. CONCLUSION: Probiotic administration for 5 days in rats partly alleviated or prevented the constipation induced by loperamide.
Case Reports
A Case of Primary Unclassified Spindle Cell Sarcoma of the Left Atrium.
Jeong Hwan Cho, Geu Ru Hong, In Wook Song, Chang Woo Son, Sun Young Jung, Jong Ho Nam, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):108-113.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.108
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary cardiac tumors are very uncommon. Seventy five percent of them are benign tumors and these are mostly myxomas. The malignant cardiac tumors, the majority of which are undifferentiated sarcomas, comprise up to 25% of all cardiac tumors. A primary malignant sarcoma of the myocardium is exceedingly rare. Thus, there have been very few such cases reported in the literature. We present here a case of a 15 year old man who had complaints of orthopnea and increasing exercise intolerance over a one month period. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a well demarcated huge mass with left ventricular inflow obstruction on the posterior wall of the left atrium. The patient's symptoms were relieved by surgery. The histological diagnosis was an unclassified spindle cell sarcoma.
Colon Cancer with a Nonspecific Inflammatory Colonoscopic Finding.
Jae Hyun Park, Byung Ik Jang, Ho Chan Lee, Sung Joon Kim, Jun Seok Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):114-119.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.114
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Colon cancer is the second most common malignancy in Korea. It is classified as superficial type, the mass type, the ulcerative type, the ulceroinfiltrative type, the diffuse infiltrative type and the unclassified type according to the colonoscopic findings. We report here on a case of colon cancer that was initially misdiagnosed as acute infectious colitis at the initial presentation. A 64-year-old man visited to Yeungnam University Hospital for watery diarrhea and lower abdominal pain. Colonoscopy revealed long segmental edematous mucosa and hyperemic mucosa with stenosis in the transverse colon. He was diagnosed as having acute infectious colitis according to the colonoscopic finding. However, two days later after colonoscopy, he visited the emergency room for hematochezia. We performed computerized tomography(CT) and obtained blood samples to find the origin of the bleeding. We found thickening of the transverse colon lumen and ascites on the CT finding and an elevated level of tumor markers; we also obtained the results of the colonoscopic biopsy that was done via colonoscopy. He was finally diagnosed as having colon cancer with carcinomatosis, a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma.
A Case of Jejunal Diverticula Which Caused Massive Small Bowel Bleeding.
Ho Chan Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Jae Hyun Park, Sung Joon Kim, Jun Seok Park, Sang Hoon Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):120-124.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.120
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common cause of hospitalization. Jejunal diverticula is a rare disease and it is an unusual cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. After exclusion of the more common bleeding sources, small bowel diverticula should be considered as a possible rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Jejunal diverticular bleeding is difficult to diagnose and treat because the bleeding site cannot be identified by routine endoscopy and radiologic studies. An exploratory operation is sometimes needed to diagnose and treat obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. If the bleeding site is certain, then surgical resection of the bleeding part of the bowel is the procedure of choice. We report here on a case of jejunal diverticular bleeding that was diagnosed by and treated with surgical resection.
A Case of Colchicine-Induced Neutropenia in Liver Cirrhosis Patient.
Ho Chan Lee, Heon Ju Lee, Yong Gil Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Sung Joon Kim, Jun Seok Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):125-129.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.125
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Colchicine is an alkaloid that has been used for treating acute gouty arthritis, psoriasis, scleroderma and Behcet's syndrome. Colchicine decreased liver fibrosis in rats with carbon tetrachloride induced cirrhosis and in patients with many liver diseases. Therapeutic oral doses of colchicine may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. The adverse effect of colchicine associated with the dose is bone marrow suppression, and especially neutopenia. Neutropenia has often been reported in patients have taken an overdose of colchicine. We describe a 64-year-old female liver cirrhosis patient with neutropenia that was induced by a therapeutic dose of colchicine.
A Case of Polyarteritis Nodosa Associated with Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Chang Woo Son, Jeong Hwan Cho, In Wook Song, Jung Eun Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):130-136.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.130
  • 1,728 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that typically affects the medium-sized muscular arteries, with occasional involvement of the small muscular arteries. As with other vasculitides, PAN can affect any organ system, including the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. The prognosis for patients with untreated PAN is relatively poor, with five-year survival rates of approximately 13 percent. The outcome has improved with proper therapy to approximately 80 percent survival at five years. We report here on a case of a 46 year old man with polyarteritis nodosa and who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis.
A Case of Exit-Site Infection and Abscess by Mycobacterium Abscessus in a CAPD Patient.
Sun Young Jung, Ji Hoon Na, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jong Won Park, Jun Young Do, Kyeung Woo Yun, In Wook Song, Jeong Hwan Cho, Chang Woo Son
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):137-143.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.137
  • 1,557 View
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections are a rare, but clinically important cause of infections in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. This is typically suspected when a patient does not respond to treatment with the usual antibiotics. We describe here a case of Mycobacterium abscessus exit site infection with abdominal wall abscess formation that was associated with CAPD, which required peritoneal catheter removal, surgical debridement of the abscess and long term antibiotic therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case Report ofMycobacterium abscessusPeritonitis in a Patient on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
    Seon Joo Kang, Heungsoo Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Young Ae Lim, Wee Gyo Lee
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology.2013; 16(2): 101.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Continuous Ambulatory Peritonitis Dialysis Peritonitis Due toStenotrophomonas maltophiliaUsing Antibiotic Combination
    Hee Sung Ko, Ah Ran Choi, Tae Hoon Kim, Chan Hee Kyung, Jang Ho Cho, Yong Hoon Kim, Jung Eun Lee
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2013; 30(2): 109.     CrossRef
A Case of Intravesical Cidofovir Treatment of BK Virus-Associated Hemorrhagic Cystitis after Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation.
Seong Hun Kang, Hwa Jeong Lee, Ye Su Jang, Jun Ho Ji, Sun Ah Lee, Won Sik Lee, Jung Lim Lee, Kyung Hee Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):143-147.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.143
  • 1,574 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a common complication after allogeneic transplantation. Early posttransplant HC occurs in association with cyclophosphamide, while later on HC results from viral infections such as polyomavirus BK (BKV) and adenovirus. We report here the case of a 57-year-old woman who received an instillation of cidofovir into the bladder for the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic peripheral stem cell transplantation for her acute myeloid leukemia. Cyclophosphamide and busulfan were used as conditioning treatments. Cyclosporin was administered daily. On the 71st day after transplantation, the patient developed acute severe hemorrhagic cystitis, and BK virus was demonstrated in the urine samples using polymerase chain reaction. Her urinary symptoms did not improve in spite of palliative treatment, but a response was evident after intravesical cidofovir treatment.
Anesthetic Experience for Trans-Sphenoidal Surgery of Pituitary Adenoma on a Patient with Brugada Syndrome: A Case Report.
Min Jung Heo, Sae Yeon Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):148-155.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.148
  • 1,374 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Brugada syndrome is characterized by an ECG pattern of right bundle branch block and ST segment elevation in the right precordial leads (V(1)-V(3)) without structural heart disease. It is also characterized by sudden cardiac death that's caused by ventricular fibrillation. This is a familial syndrome with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern and it may be considerably more common in Southeast Asia. Many factors during anesthesia can precipitate malignant dysrrhythmia in these patients, so careful choice of anesthetics is required. We experienced a case of Brugada syndrome in a 59-year-old male patient who was under general anesthesia for trans-sphenoidal surgery to treat a pituitary adenoma, and the patient was diagnosed as having Brugada syndrome without any untoward cardiovascular events.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science