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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Case report
Anesthetic management during whole-lung lavage using lung ultrasound in a patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: a case report
Jae Wan Jung, Hyunho Lee, Jimi Oh
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(4):374-380.   Published online September 6, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01284
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an uncommon disease characterized by progressive accumulation of lipoprotein material in the lungs due to impaired surfactant clearance. Whole-lung lavage (WLL) is the current standard treatment and consists of sequential lavage of each lung to mechanically remove the residual material from the alveoli. Although WLL is considered safe, unexpected complications can occur. Moreover, due to the rarity of the disease itself, this procedure is unknown to many physicians, and management of intraoperative complications can be challenging for anesthesiologists. Lung ultrasound (LUS) provides reliable and valuable information for detecting perioperative pulmonary complications and, in particular, quantitation of lung water content. There have been reports on monitoring the different stages of controlled deaeration of the non-ventilated lung during WLL using LUS. However, it has been limited to non-ventilated lungs. Therefore, we report the use of LUS in WLL to proactively detect pulmonary edema in the ventilated lung and implement a safe and effective anesthesia strategy. Given the limited diagnostic tools available to anesthesiologists in the operating room, LUS is a reliable, fast, and noninvasive method for identifying perioperative pulmonary complications in patients with PAP undergoing WLL.
Original Article
Effects of small tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure on oxygenation in pressure-controlled ventilation-volume guaranteed mode during one-lung ventilation
Sung Hye Byun, So Young Lee, Jin Yong Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2018;35(2):165-170.   Published online December 20, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2018.35.2.165
  • 5,461 View
  • 88 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether tidal volume (TV) of 8 mL/kg without positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and TV of 6 mL/kg with or without PEEP in pressure-controlled ventilation-volume guaranteed (PCV-VG) mode can maintain arterial oxygenation and decrease inspiratory airway pressure effectively during one-lung ventilation (OLV).
Methods
The study enrolled 27 patients undergoing thoracic surgery. All patients were ventilated with PCVVG mode. During OLV, patients were initially ventilated with TV 8 mL/kg (group TV8) without PEEP. Ventilation was subsequently changed to TV 6 mL/kg with PEEP (5 cmH2O; group TV6+PEEP) or without (group TV6) in random sequence. Peak inspiratory pressure (Ppeak), mean airway pressure (Pmean), and arterial blood gas analysis were measured 30 min after changing ventilator settings. Ventilation was then changed once more to add or eliminate PEEP (5 cmH2O), while maintaining TV 6 mL/kg. Thirty min after changing ventilator settings, the same parameters were measured once more.
Results
The Ppeak was significantly lower in group TV6 (19.3±3.3 cmH2O) than in group TV8 (21.8±3.1 cmH2O) and group TV6+PEEP (20.1±3.4 cmH2O). PaO2 was significantly higher in group TV8 (242.5±111.4 mmHg) than in group TV6 (202.1±101.3 mmHg) (p=0.044). There was no significant difference in PaO2 between group TV8 and group TV6+PEEP (226.8±121.1 mmHg). However, three patients in group TV6 were dropped from the study because PaO2 was lower than 80 mmHg after ventilation.
Conclusion
It is postulated that TV 8 mL/kg without PEEP or TV 6 mL/kg with 5 cmH2O PEEP in PCV-VG mode during OLV can safely maintain adequate oxygenation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Pressure-Controlled Ventilation-Volume Guaranteed Mode Combined with an Open-Lung Approach Improves Lung Mechanics, Oxygenation Parameters, and the Inflammatory Response during One-Lung Ventilation: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Jianli Li, Baogui Cai, Dongdong Yu, Meinv Liu, Xiaoqian Wu, Junfang Rong
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science